Little Brown Bat
Bats are the only mammal that can fly and unlike birds, use both
legs and wings to fly.
||small mammal with glossy fur
||3.5 inches with a wingspan of 10 inches, weighing 1/4 oz.
Bats use echolocation (similar to radar) for flying and gathering
their food. Their diet consists of insects. They have one young per
year usually in the early late spring/early summer period.
They will form "maternal colonies" staying inside buildings until
late summer when the young can fend for themselves. In the winter
time they nest in caves or abandoned mine shafts. In some southern
areas they may stay active all year.
They carry two diseases: rabies and histoplasmosis. Rabies in bats
is no more common than any other animal and bats do not become
aggressive when affected by rabies. They usually will just lie on
the ground and it is rare that humans contract rabies from bats.
Histoplasmosis is a disease contracted by humans when the dust from
their droppings is inhaled into the lungs.
Exclusion methods are the best and only way to ensure true
prevention. Exclusion should be performed in the late fall after
the bats have left the structure for the winter and prior to their
return in the spring. A daytime interior inspection of the roosting
site is necessary to make sure all bats have left for the winter
prior to exclusion.