Brown Dog Tick
This is one of the most widely distributed ticks in the world, and
there are records of its occurrence on a number of hosts. By far
the most common host is the domestic dog, and the brown dog tick is
virtually restricted to this host in the United States.
||Uniformly red-brown with tiny pits scattered on the back
||1/8th inch long
Under normal circumstances in North America, all feeding stages of
the tick feed on dogs. The adults commonly attach to the ears and
between the toes, and the larvae and nymphs are often found in hair
along the back. When the individuals of each feeding stage become
fully engorged, they drop from the host and seek some protected
situation in the immediate surroundings. For this reason, all tick
life stages may be found behind baseboards, around window and door
moldings, or in furniture.
Brown dog ticks can be found outdoors in the southern United States
during any time of the year, but they are found active outdoors
only during the warm months in the northern United States. The
female may deposit as many as 5,000 eggs in places such as between
boards, under plaster or carpeting, or in other cracks and
A home can become heavily infested if the family dog picks up ticks
from an infested residence, boarding kennel, open field, or similar
place where other infested dogs have been present.
Some non-product techniques that help reduce tick problems include
keeping grass and weeds cut short in thick-infested areas. Sealing
cracks and crevices where ticks can hide, both inside and on the
exterior of the home, will aid in management. Checking the dog
prior to entering the home and removing any ticks found will also
help reduce the chance for ticks to infest the home. The dog must
be treated if the infestation is to be eliminated and the treatment
should be performed by professionals trained in animal treatments
such as veterinarians.