These social insects infest dry wood and do not require contact
with the soil.
Originally from China, Formosan termites are the most voracious,
aggressive and devious of over 2,000 termite species known to
science. Formosan termites are a subterranean species of termite.
Swarmer formosan termite are about 1/2 inch in overall length,
including their wings.
Subterranean termites live in underground colonies or in moist
secluded areas aboveground that can contain up to 2 million
members. They build distinctive "mud tubes" to gain access to food
sources and to protect themselves from open air. Termite colonies
are organized into castes depending on tasks -- workers, soldiers
and reproductives. The characteristics of a subterranean termite
are dependent on the termite's role in the colony. Cream-colored
Worker subterranean termites are 1/8 to 3/8's of an inch in length.
Soldier subterranean termites are of a similar body length, but are
distinguished by their powerful mandibles. Solider termites have
cream-colored bodies and brown heads. Reproductive subterranean
termites are approximately one inch long.