Pigeons (also known as rock doves)
Pigeons are monogamous and will lay one to two eggs which hatch
within eighteen days. Young are fed "pigeon milk" which is
regurgitated food from both males and females. While mating occurs
year round, the peak mating seasons are spring and fall.
||Varies but commonly gray with a whitish rump, two black bars on wing feathers and a broad black band on the tail; red feet
||Up to about 11 inches; weight up to about 13 ounces
Pigeons prefer grains for food and people will commonly feed
pigeons unintentionally by spilling food or it in open trash
containers. Pigeons roost in areas above ground and will readily
nest in steeples, as well as voids on outside areas of buildings
and other protected areas.
Pigeons are dependent on humans to provide them with food, roosting
and nesting sites. They are commonly found around agricultural
areas as well as warehouses, feed mills, and grain elevators. They
are also commonly found in cities around parks, buildings, bridges,
and any other structures.
Pigeons are filthy birds, causing disease and damage. Their
droppings are known for triggering human slips and falls, as well
as accelerating the aging of structures and statues. More
seriously, pigeons may carry diseases such as cryptococcosis,
toxoplasmosis, salmonella, food poisoning, and more. Also, their
droppings may harbor the growth of fungus which causes
histoplasmosis. Other pests may live on these birds, including
fleas, lice, mites, ticks, and other pests. Pests may also infest
nests such as stored product pests.
Homeowners need to make roosting and nesting areas inhospitable.
Filling in access to voids, sloping resting areas, and preventing
landing by using devices will help. Scare balloons, plastic birds,
or plastic snakes rarely work except for a very short period. Keep
all food and standing water out of reach of pigeons. In commercial
settings, do not pigeon feeding.